Dan Lindley, September 8, ; v.
Political statements And especially conventional wisdom, general assumptions, and the pronouncements of authority Critical thinking is an important tool in solving community problems and in developing interventions or initiatives in health, human services, and community development.
Elements of critical thinking There are a number of ways to look at the process of critical thinking. Brookfield presents several, with this one being perhaps the simplest. What is the real issue here? Given all the information we have, what's the best way to deal with this issue? How do we do what we decided on, and who will make it happen?
If so, how can it work better? If not, what went wrong, and how can we fix it? What have we learned here that might be valuable in the future? Reflection leads you to the consideration of another problem or goal, and the cycle begins again. Critical thinking involves being thrown into the questioning mode by an event or idea that conflicts with your understanding of the world and makes you uncomfortable.
If you allow yourself to respond to the discomfort -- that's partially an issue of personal development -- you'll try to figure out where it comes from, and to come up with other ways to understand the situation. Ultimately, if you persist, you'll have a new perspective on the event itself, and will have broken through to a more critical understanding.
Goals of critical thinking Truth: The word "critical" here means approaching everything as if you were a critic -- questioning it, analyzing it, putting it in context, looking at its origins. The aim is to understand it on its deepest level. It also means being willing to change your ideas and conclusions -- and actions -- if an objective view shows that they're wrong or ineffective.
This last point is important. In health, human service, and community work, the main goal of thinking critically is almost always to settle on an action that will have some desired effect.
Critical examination of the situation and the available information could lead to anything from further study to organizing a strike, but it should lead to something. Once you've applied critical thinking to an issue, so that you understand what's likely to work, you have to take action to change the situation.
Why is critical thinking important? Without thinking critically, you're only looking at the surface of things. When you come across a politician's statement in the media, do you accept it at face value?
Do you accept some people's statements and not others'? The chances are you exercise at least some judgment, based on what you know about the particular person, and whether you generally agree with her or not. Knowing whether or not you agree with someone is not necessarily the same as critical thinking, however.
Your reaction may be based on emotion "I hate that guy! What's important about critical thinking is that it helps you to sort out what's accurate and what's not, and to give you a solid, factual base for solving problems or addressing issues.
Specific reasons for the importance of critical thinking: Critical thinking identifies both the bias in what it looks at its objectand the biases you yourself bring to it. If you can address these honestly, and adjust your thinking accordingly, you'll be able to see the object in light of the way it's slanted, and to understand your own biases in your reaction to it.
A bias is not necessarily bad: You can be racially biased, but you can also be biased toward looking at all humans as one family. You can be biased toward a liberal or conservative political point of view, or toward or against tolerance.
Regardless of whether most of us would consider a particular bias good or bad, not seeing it can limit how we resolve a problem or issue. It's oriented toward the problem, issue, or situation that you're addressing. Critical thinking focuses on analyzing and understanding its object.
It eliminates, to the extent possible, emotional reactions, except where they become part of an approach or solution.
It's just about impossible to eliminate emotions, or to divorce them from your own deeply-held assumptions and beliefs.The Tool Box needs your help to remain available.
Your contribution can help change lives. Even those who already have that ability are often slowed, or even stopped, by the developmental and psychological -- and sometimes the actual -- consequences of what they're being asked to do. that it is "common sense " that sex education courses.
Motivate people to think critically, but help them to understand when it's appropriate to voice critical ideas and when it's not. The wrong word to the boss could get a learner fired, for example.
It's important that he understand the possible consequences of talking about his conclusions before he does it.
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The report, Child Delinquents: Development, Intervention, and Service Needs (Loeber and Farrington, ), is the first volume published that pre-sents empirical information on child delinquents from hundreds of studies. Analysis of Dr. Strangelove reveals that "Everything" is only a mild overstatement.
This article is a teaching guide to Dr. Strangelove and covers four related issues. Sex: not a need for a few years, but your quality of life might decrease quite a bit, and eventually it can kill you, if lack of sex contributes to depression severe enough to impact your ability to advance in the job market, or you start considering suicide as a way out.