Easter 1916 wild swans at coole

Yeats was born in Dublin, Ireland, and is one of the most celebrated poets in Irish history. Many of his poems reflect the Irish spirit, but this poem concentrates more on the love he once shared with a woman. This woman is probably Maud Gonne, an Irish revolutionary who ended up marrying another man.

Easter 1916 wild swans at coole

Background[ edit ] Even though a committed nationalist, Yeats usually rejected violence as a means to secure Irish independence, and as a result had strained relations with some of the figures who eventually led the uprising. Yeats was working through his feelings about the revolutionary movement in this poem, and the insistent refrain that "a terrible beauty is born" turned out to be prescient, as the execution of the leaders of the Easter Rising by the British had the opposite effect to that intended.

The killings led to a reinvigoration of the Irish Republican movement rather than its dissipation. However, this attitude changes with the refrain at the end of the stanza, when Yeats moves from a feeling of separation between the narrator and the revolutionaries, to a mood of distinct unity, by including all subjects of the poem in the last line with reference to the utter change that happened when the revolutionary leaders were executed by the British: A terrible beauty is born.

The female revolutionary described at the opening of the stanza is Countess Markieviczwho was well-known to Yeats and a long-time friend. He contrasts the "shrill" voice of Countess Markievicz as a revolutionary, with his remembrance of her uncomparably "sweet" voice when she was a young woman; and he contrasts the haughty public personae of Pearse against his impression of his "sensitive" nature, describing how "daring and sweet" his ideals were even though he and MacDonagh had to resort to "force".

This stanza also shows how Yeats was able to separate his own private feelings towards some of the revolutionary figures from the greater nationalist cause that the group was pursuing. The phrase "the casual comedy" is laden with sarcasm, pointing to an unnecessary loss of life a point he picks up again in a later stanza as well as the senselessness of the killings.

Yeats emphasises his repeated charge at the end of the stanza, that, as a result of the execution of the Easter Rising leaders, "A terrible beauty is born" The third stanza differs from the first two stanzas by abandoning the first-person narrative of "I" and moving to the natural realm of streams, clouds, and birds.

The speaker elaborates on the theme of change "Minute by minute they change Changes minute by minute" 50 and introduces the symbol of the stone, which opens and closes the stanza.

Easter 1916 wild swans at coole

Unlike the majority of images presented in this stanza, of clouds moving, seasons changing, horse-hoof sliding, which are characterized by their transience, the stone is a symbol of permanence.

The singularity of their purpose, leading to their ultimate deaths, cut through the complacency and indifference of everyday Irish society at the time.

The fourth and last stanza of the poem resumes the first person narrative of the first and second stanzas. The stanza returns to the image of the stony heart: Indeed, the narrator cries, "O when may it suffice?

In the second half of the last stanza, the narrator wonders aloud whether the sacrifices were indeed warranted: Thomas MacDonaghJohn MacBrideJames Connolly and Patrick Pearseas eternal heroes of the Irish Republican movement symbolised by the colour greenwith Yeats adapting the final refrain to reflect the price these people paid to change the course of Irish history: Yeats has an interesting perspective on the historical significance of his poem, adding to the tension of his recording.

The revolutionaries "now and in time to be The date of the Easter Rising can be seen in the structure of the poem also:the Irish literary renaissance was William Butler Yeats, whose remarkable career encompassed both this revival and the development of European literary Modernism in the s and ’30s.

In both movements Yeats was a key participant. While the renaissance gave new life—and new texts—to Irish. The Wild Swans at Coole; Themes in Yeats’ poetry; Easter Notes by Eliza Brett. Listen to the poem here.


but before Easter , they obediently conformed to England’s rule rather than pursing change. are you not going to mention the Easter rising in Ireland in in the historical background. seeing as the poem is named. William Butler Yeats’s writing was an integral part of the Irish Literary Revival, which had a huge influence on those who took part in the Easter Rising of “Wild Swans at Coole”, “Easter ” and “The Second Coming” encapsulate the romanticism in his early poetry to civil influences and then a modernist approach in the later years.

The three poems explore distinct transition of a poet while discussing ideas of history, love and politics. The Collected Poems of W.

B. Yeats [William Butler Yeats] on yunusemremert.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This collection includes all of the poems authorized for publication by Yeats in his lifetime and his notes for this collection. On limbs that had run wild. Yeats’s poem is a response to the Easter Uprising in Ireland, a rebellion that eventually led to the Irish War for Independence and the Irish Civil War.

For Mlinko, and many Yeats scholars, “Easter, ” is a turning point in Yeats’s work, as he engages with “the Modernist rather than the idyllic.

The National Library of Ireland - The Life and Works of William Butler Yeats - Online Exhibition