The book is a detailed study of public transport in Dar es Salaam and provides a profound examination of the transformation of society, state and politics in Tanzania since the As Dar es Salaam grew, Matteo writes, so did the demand for public transport and public transport provision experienced chronic difficulties. Taken for a Ride is a major contribution demonstrating the continued analytical relevance of radical political economy, challenging the claim that class analysis is necessarily dogmatic and reductionist.
Rex Features Imagine if the Neoliberalism and african cities of the Soviet Union had never heard of communism. The ideology that dominates our lives has, for most of us, no name.
Even if your listeners have heard the term before, they will struggle to define it. Its anonymity is both a symptom and cause of its power. It has played a major role in a remarkable variety of crises: But we respond to these crises as if they emerge in isolation, apparently unaware that they have all been either catalysed or exacerbated by the same coherent philosophy; a philosophy that has — or had — a name.
What greater power can there be than to operate namelessly?
Inequality is recast as virtuous. The market ensures that everyone gets what they deserve. So pervasive has neoliberalism become that we seldom even recognise it as an ideology.
But the philosophy arose as a conscious attempt to reshape human life and shift the locus of power. Neoliberalism sees competition as the defining characteristic of human relations.
It redefines citizens as consumers, whose democratic choices are best exercised by buying and selling, a process that rewards merit and punishes inefficiency. Attempts to limit competition are treated as inimical to liberty.
Tax and regulation should be minimised, public services should be privatised. The organisation of labour and collective bargaining by trade unions are portrayed as market distortions that impede the formation of a natural hierarchy of winners and losers.
Inequality is recast as virtuous: Efforts to create a more equal society are both counterproductive and morally corrosive. We internalise and reproduce its creeds. The rich persuade themselves that they acquired their wealth through merit, ignoring the advantages — such as education, inheritance and class — that may have helped to secure it.
The poor begin to blame themselves for their failures, even when they can do little to change their circumstances. Never mind structural unemployment: Never mind the impossible costs of housing: Never mind that your children no longer have a school playing field: In a world governed by competition, those who fall behind become defined and self-defined as losers.
We are all neoliberals now. Among the delegates were two men who came to define the ideology, Ludwig von Mises and Friedrich Hayek.
1 Civilising African Cities: international housing policy from colonial to neoliberal times. Branwen Gruffydd Jones Goldsmiths, University of London. With many societies, traditions, cultures and faiths, a continent, as Ferguson argues, the notion Africa is misleading categorisation of a vast geographic locality. This essay provides a picture of changes to African cities since the end of the cold-war. Also explores neoliberalism and globalisation and its impact on the process and development of democracy in developing countries in the present framework of global capitalism. I find that despite the disastrous experiences of neoliberal polices, especially in Latin American and African countries, still the international institutions are imposing these policies on the developing countries.
In The Road to Serfdom, published inHayek argued that government planning, by crushing individualism, would lead inexorably to totalitarian control. It came to the attention of some very wealthy people, who saw in the philosophy an opportunity to free themselves from regulation and tax.
When, inHayek founded the first organisation that would spread the doctrine of neoliberalism — the Mont Pelerin Society — it was supported financially by millionaires and their foundations.
They also financed academic positions and departments, particularly at the universities of Chicago and Virginia. As it evolved, neoliberalism became more strident. Something else happened during this transition: InFriedman was happy to describe himself as a neoliberal.
But soon after that, the term began to disappear.Ajamu Baraka is the national organizer of the Black Alliance for Peace and was the candidate for vice president on the Green Party yunusemremert.com is an editor and contributing columnist for the.
Neoliberalism or neo-liberalism refers primarily to the 20th-century resurgence of 19th-century ideas associated with laissez-faire economic liberalism.: 7 Those ideas include economic liberalization policies such as privatization, austerity, deregulation, free trade and reductions in government spending in order to increase the role of the.
This article examines international agendas and interventions in the realm of housing and urban governance in Africa, as a distinct component of broader ambitions to build liberal states and civil societies.
International development policy today includes a specific focus on African cities, most visible in ‘slum upgrading’ policies. Ruiters G. () Social Control and Social Welfare under Neoliberalism in South African Cities: Contradictions in Free Basic Water Services.
In: Murray M.J., Myers G.A. (eds) Cities in Contemporary Africa. 1 Civilising African Cities: international housing policy from colonial to neoliberal times.
Branwen Gruffydd Jones Goldsmiths, University of London.
Keywords: Neoliberal planning, African cities, heterotopia. JEL Classification: N97, P21, P47, R19 1. Introduction One of the defining features of the neoliberal regime of accumulation is inequality. This presents challenges for political regime maintenance in Africa and elsewhere, which increasingly find expression in cities.